Green Technology is environmentally friendly, developed, and used in away so that is does not disturb our. environment and conserves natural resources.In Figure XXX below it is clear that Japan does not have the same amount of alternative energy generation capacity as the European countries, the US or even China, but their patent application totals, which are tabulated from the Japanese Patent Office, are much higher than any other country.Just log in to your account and check if you are satisfied with the work done.The biggest barrier in this sector will probably be trade tariffs like the US tariff on Brazilian ethanol.Incumbent fossil fuel sources of electricity have created a centralized energy system, which is to say that large central electricity plants fueled by coal and natural gas, generate electricity, which is transported over the electrical transmission and distribution system to end-users.Manufacturer of offshore wave power technology, specifically the Pelamis Wave Energy Converter.The barriers to international collaboration include the high transactions costs, and perceived difficulties protecting intellectual property rights. (Gallagher et. al. 2006).This division of the innovation value chain into several steps helps to organize the discussion in regard to the emergency or not of commons-based models in Renewables, but in practice the process is not linear.
Patents represent the most significant IP tool involved in this field, and until recently, the IP factor did not parallel the usual IP debate found elsewhere in regards to access, sharing or balance.Political Economy of Intellectual Property in Alternative Energy.Worldwide solar power capacity has increased from 110MW in 1992 to 1809MW in 2003, out of which Japan, Germany, and the United States accounted for 85 percent of the total (IEA 2006).On the substrate, draught-tolerant species of plants are grown.Green engineering is a much-needed approach to transform existing engineering disciplines and practices to those that promote. sustainability.They have seen how useful this is and the way it provides electricity with no problems.Free Revisions Only You decide whether your custom written essay 100% meets your requirements and expectations.
Most of these renewable energies depend in one way or another on sunlight.It should be noted that the patent applications may not be exclusively from nationals.The Role of Government in providing information for technology development and diffusion.Tides can be predicted decades in advance, while the wind resource shifts so suddenly, forecasts are good for only a few hours at a time.There is an erroneous assumption among many stakeholders that policies that promote technology diffusion will also promote technology innovation.To date several international and domestic companies have filed applications with the Federal Energy Regulation Commission (FERC) for test projects off the coasts of California, Oregon and Washington. (Perez 2009, 3).The result has been a steady reduction in the cost of the technology.
This leads to low royalties - on the order of 1% of the sales price for the turbines.The AWEA is a national trade association that works as an advocate in the US government for wind power developers, equipment suppliers, services providers, parts manufacturers, utilities, researchers, and others involved in the wind industry.The alternative energy sector is experiencing a more competitive commercial environment due to non-financial drivers such as regulation, political will, and fears over energy supplies, which present unique challenges for technologies such as wind energy, solar energy, and biofuels. (Ward et al. 2008, 243).Using green energy sources stops millions of tons of CO2 emissions from entering the atmosphere each year.In addition, most wind turbines have a pitch mechanism to rotate and change the angle of the blades based on the wind speed as described above.The two other main ingredients follow the Green Tea wording on the label.Many researchers are trying to find new renewable energy sources to help diminish carbon emissions, which cause global warming.
Alternative energy refers to energy sources that have no undesired consequences such for example fossil fuels or nuclear energy.Under this model, wind technologies would have to grow by fifty times the capacity in 2004 or by 2 million 1MW peak windmills, and offset coal power by this amount.Direct factors affecting the growth of the market have been a recent increase in private VC funding for alternative energy technologies, and a growing public-sector opinion that supporting these technologies is in the best interest of the country.
Market analysts have expressed their opinion that most of the private sector investment in alternative energies is coming from VC firms followed by private equity firms, banks, brokers and finally institutional funds.The power output of the turbine is controlled by rotating the rotor blades to change the angle of the wind hitting the blade.Within those developing countries, 99.4% of the patents were in a small group of emerging markets (China, India, Brazil, etc.). The authors determined - based on this trend - that patents are not a barrier to tech transfer to the majority of these developing countries since there are hardly any alternative energy patents registered in these countries.In Figure 5 below, various alternative energy technologies are graphed on a time continuum, which maps the stages of technology development starting with basic research, moving to development, then demonstration, deployment and ultimately, maturity.Other factors that can affect this demand-pull theory are the prices of fuel for energy plants, or the geographic variations in demand.
While a vast number of developing countries will contribute to carbon emissions, China is now the largest global carbon emitter (See Figure 13).We need smart energy solutions that provide reliable and affordable electricity, contribute to a strong economy, and do not compromise our health or our climate.New innovations in CSP technology are enabling greater growth and cheaper power production.Patent battles have been common, with GE, the largest US manufacturer of wind technology, asserting their patents aggressively in an attempt to keep other companies out of the US market.
This has been due to complicated political and economic factors that have not plagued European nations to the same degree, which allowed policies that encourage the adoption of renewable energy to flourish.A wedge is defined as equaling a reduction of one gigaton of carbon equivalent per year from 2004 (the year the article was published) until 2054.
Advantages of Renewable Energy - LoveToKnow - Going green
Demand-Pull technology deployment policies in the United States.On-time Delivery Forget about missing the deadline for submitting the paper.Of this alternative energy development, 1 GW would be of solar concentrating power technologies.The US Secretary of Energy, Steven Chu, has recognized the valuable contributions that open-source software can make to energy efficiency in buildings and has called for more development in the area.
There are ongoing debates about these two theories of innovation and how they interact.Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1.There are seventeen labs in all, and each has a different mix of research focuses, though none except for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, are exclusively focused on alternative energies.This model, while economically more efficient, is much less popular, especially among financial conservatives as it gives the government the power to choose a carbon price.