Anatomical directional terms

For example, the nose is medial to the eyes, and the thumb is lateral to the other fingers.The smaller of the two main cavities is called the dorsal cavity.

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For example, plantarflexion occurs when pressing the brake pedal of a car.

The upper limbs are held out to each side, and the palms of the hands face forward.ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY, DIRECTIONAL TERMS, PLANES, SECTIONS, AND BODY CAVITIES. Biology II.

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Anatomical Terminology | Anatomy and Physiology I

The current international standard for human anatomical terminology is based on the Terminologia Anatomica (TA).Search and discovery of digital educational resources from all over the web.Anatomical directional terms are used to describe relative position consistently within a.An international standard for anatomical terminology, Terminologia Anatomica has been created.

A section is a two-dimensional surface of a three-dimensional structure that has been cut.

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Lateral - away from the midline of the body (example, the little toe is located at the lateral side of the foot).

Directional Terms Handout - GCISD

The upper right square is the right hypochondriac region and contains the base of the right ribs.The left lumbar region contains the left edge of the transverse colon and the left edge of the small intestine.Muscles that work together to perform the same action are called synergists.Save time learning, be better prepared and learn everything about this topic: Learn all the terms used to describe location in the Human body.Each movement at a synovial joint results from the contraction or relaxation of the muscles that are attached to the bones on either side of the articulation.

The abdominal cavity contains most of the gastrointestinal tract as well as the kidneys and adrenal glands.This area is further differentiated into the cranium (skull), facies (face), frons (forehead), oculus (eye area), auris (ear), bucca (cheek), nausus (nose), oris (mouth), and mentis (chin).As its name implies, it contains organs lying more posterior in the body.Other terms are also used to describe the movement and actions of the hands and feet, and other structures such as the eye.For example, a structure may be horizontal, as opposed to vertical.

For example, the orbits are superior to the oris, and the pelvis is inferior to the abdomen.This article lists all the directional terms and body planes used in human anatomy.When talking about bones and teeth, we will need to use several terms to orient ourselves.Pronation and supination refer to rotation of the forearm or foot so that in the anatomical position the palm or sole is facing anteriorly (supination) or posteriorly (pronation) rotation of the forearm.The lower left square is the left iliac region and contains the left pelvic bone and the lower left regions of the small intestine.The lower right square is the right iliac region and contains the right pelvic bones and the ascending colon.The buttocks are the gluteus or gluteal region and the pubic area is the pubis.

The central right region is called the right lumbar region and contains the ascending colon and the right edge of the small intestines.The frontal plane is the plane that divides the body or an organ into an anterior (front) portion and a posterior (rear) portion.

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The groin, where the thigh joins the trunk, are the inguen and inguinal area.Palmarflexion and dorsiflexion refer to movement of the flexion (palmarflexion) or extension (dorsiflexion) of the hand at the wrist.Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology (6th ed.). Addison Wesley Longman.Ulnar referring to the ulna bone, medially positioned when in the standard anatomical position.

Abduction and adduction refers to a motion that pulls a structure away from (abduction) or towards (adduction) the midline of the body or limb.

The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Directional Terms

The inferior horizontal line is called the intertubercular line, and is to cross the iliac tubercles, found at the superior aspect of the pelvis.The right upper quadrant (RUQ) includes the lower right ribs, right side of the liver, and right side of the transverse colon.For example, the presence or absence of the palmaris longus tendon.When anatomists refer to the right and left of the body, it is in reference to the right and left of the subject, not the right and left of the observer.The brachioradialis, in the forearm, and brachialis, located deep to the biceps in the upper arm, are both synergists that aid in this motion.The type of movement that can be produced at a synovial joint is determined by its structural type.